National Security Network

Libya

Libya

Diplomacy

NSN Middle East Update

Report 15 December 2011

 

As Iraq and the United States mark the departure of American forces, this weekend marks one year since Mohamed Bouazizi, a Tunisian street vendor, set himself on fire, launching protests that took down dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and ignited the region-wide political movement known as the Arab Spring. After a year of tragedy, triumph, peaceful change and bloodshed, it seems the region's biggest changes may yet be to come. Egypt has begun its first post-Mubarak election and faces challenges in civil-military and sectarian relations and economic and political reform - even as Israel returned its ambassador, marking an improvement in relations.  Conflict in Syria, which has already claimed 5,000 civilian lives, continues. President Saleh is stepping down in Yemen, yet the situation on the ground remains tense.  Libya's new government is bringing oil production back online while dealing with the difficulty of transitioning and dismantling militias. One year later, the Middle East's transition is, perhaps, at the end of the beginning.

As Iraq and the United States mark the departure of American forces, this weekend marks one year since Mohamed Bouazizi, a Tunisian street vendor, set himself on fire, launching protests that took down dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and ignited the region-wide political movement known as the Arab Spring. After a year of tragedy, triumph, peaceful change and bloodshed, it seems the region's biggest changes may yet be to come. Egypt has begun its first post-Mubarak election and faces challenges in civil-military and sectarian relations and economic and political reform - even as Israel returned its ambassador, marking an improvement in relations.  Conflict in Syria, which has already claimed 5,000 civilian lives, continues. President Saleh is stepping down in Yemen, yet the situation on the ground remains tense.  Libya's new government is bringing oil production back online while dealing with the difficulty of transitioning and dismantling militias. One year later, the Middle East's transition is, perhaps, at the end of the beginning.

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Diplomacy

NSN Middle East Update

Report 23 November 2011
Last night's debaters gave the ongoing events in the Middle East short shrift. But major developments offer both testimony to citizens' desire for freedom and dignity and the need for strong, unified diplomacy in service of U.S. interests and values. In recent weeks, we've seen a violent military crackdown on demonstrations in Egypt, new censure of Syria's President Bashar Assad and a new report on violence in Bahrain. The Arab League, U.S. and other partners succeeded in passing a UN resolution calling for an end to violence in Syria. Regional player Turkey called for Assad to step down. In Egypt, the military government's pledge to step down next summer failed to quell protests in Tahrir Square, which raged into a fifth day. In Bahrain, clashes between protestors and security forces preceded a report on last year's violence. The report, written by the Bahrain Independent Commission, details torture and excessive force but tamps down claims about Iranian meddling. And in Yemen, longtime President Ali Abdullah Saleh agreed to a plan negotiated by Gulf countries to step down from power.
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Diplomacy

Heather Hurlburt Discusses Libya's Future After the Death of Qaddafi

News Michael Patrick Shiels Show/Michigan Talk Radio 21 October 2011
Military

Arab Spring and the Fall of Qaddafi

Report 20 October 2011
Information is still emerging about the apparent death this morning of Muammar Qaddafi and the last of his inner circle in Sirte.  What is clear is that Libyans are celebrating the departure of a tyrant who caused terror at home and abroad for decades.  Americans will also welcome the defeat of a man who killed and terrorized our citizens - a defeat which came without U.S. troops on the ground and by sharing the burden with our allies and partners who are more directly affected by the events on the ground.
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Diplomacy

Maj. Gen. (Ret.) Paul Eaton Discusses Libya's Future After Qaddafi

News The Talk Radio News Service 20 October 2011
Diplomacy

NSN Middle East Update

Report 19 October 2011
As attention in the U.S. is focused on the alleged Iranian terror plot, Tunisia prepares to hold the first post-Arab spring elections this weekend - the fruits of its leading role and a bellwether for transition across the region. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton paid a surprise visit to Libya to pledge U.S. aid to the transitional government. Israel and Hamas completed the first part of their prisoner exchange, securing the release of Gilad Shalit and hundreds of Palestinians, and highlighting a new mediating role for Egypt. Elsewhere the news was less positive: the threat of open civil war between Syrian protestors and Assad forces is increasing daily; community relations are worsening in Egypt; and the violence in Yemen worsens.
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Diplomacy

Middle East Update

Report 27 July 2011
Trials are starting in Egypt for its deposed leader; Tunisia faces the economic consequences of a transition from a dictatorship; the international community recognizes the opposition in Libya; Syria faces concerns over civil strife; and conditions for the Yemeni people worsen as President Saleh clings to power. These are just some of the complexities facing the region, emphasizing the need for a careful, nimble and calculated approach toward the region from American policy makers and the international community.
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